Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship

As defined in the Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning (2006/962/EC):

Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship refers to an individual's ability to turn ideas into action. It includes creativity,
innovation and risk-taking, as well as the ability to plan and manage projects in order to achieve objectives. This
supports individuals, not only in their everyday lives at home and in society, but also in the workplace in being aware
of the context of their work and being able to seize opportunities, and is a foundation for more specific skills and
knowledge needed by those establishing or contributing to social or commercial activity. This should include
awareness of ethical values and promote good governance.

Essential knowledge, skills and attitudes related to this competence:
Necessary knowledge includes the ability to identify available opportunities for personal, professional and/or business
activities, including ‘bigger picture’ issues that provide the context in which people live and work, such as a broad
understanding of the workings of the economy, and the opportunities and challenges facing an employer or
organisation. Individuals should also be aware of the ethical position of enterprises, and how they can be a force for
good, for example through fair trade or through social enterprise.

Skills relate to proactive project management (involving, for example the ability to plan, organise, manage, lead and
delegate, analyse, communicate, de-brief, evaluate and record), effective representation and negotiation, and the ability
to work both as an individual and collaboratively in teams. The ability to judge and identify one's strengths and
weaknesses, and to assess and take risks as and when warranted, is essential.
An entrepreneurial attitude is characterised by initiative, pro-activity, independence and innovation in personal and
social life, as much as at work. It also includes motivation and determination to meet objectives, whether personal
goals, or aims held in common with others, including at work.