Communication in foreign languages Communication in foreign languages

As defined in the Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning (2006/962/EC):

Communication in foreign languages broadly shares the main skill dimensions of communication in the mother
tongue: it is based on the ability to understand, express and interpret concepts, thoughts, feelings, facts and opinions
in both oral and written form (listening, speaking, reading and writing) in an appropriate range of societal and cultural
contexts (in education and training, work, home and leisure) according to one's wants or needs. Communication in
foreign languages also calls for skills such as mediation and intercultural understanding. An individual's level of
proficiency will vary between the four dimensions (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and between the different
languages, and according to that individual's social and cultural background, environment, needs and/or interests.

Essential knowledge, skills and attitudes related to this competence:
Competence in foreign languages requires knowledge of vocabulary and functional grammar and an awareness of the
main types of verbal interaction and registers of language. Knowledge of societal conventions, and the cultural aspect
and variability of languages is important.

Essential skills for communication in foreign languages consist of the ability to understand spoken messages, to
initiate, sustain and conclude conversations and to read, understand and produce texts appropriate to the individual's
needs. Individuals should also be able to use aids appropriately, and learn languages also informally as part of lifelong

A positive attitude involves the appreciation of cultural diversity, and an interest and curiosity in languages and
intercultural communication.